Presets for the Sony α6000

Thursday August 13 - St. Pontian and Hippolytus
Edited on October 15, 2016.

My oldest manual, film caqmera was a Nikon FG and it sported just a handful of settings: mainly aperture, shutter time and ISO (it was unable to auto-detect the value from the markings on the film roll). Autofocus first and digital cameras later dramatically increased the number of settings, raising it to dozens. This surely means much more flexibility and power in the hands of the photographer, but also a good deal of complexity for its management. And while my old Nikon D7000 had an option to save the settings on the SD card, for later retrieval in case of failure, or a factory reset, my latest Sony α6000 doesn't, forcing me to the old way of making backups... by manually writing values. I'm sharing my document about the camera settings with the rationale for them.

Una strada a Chiocciolaia.

Sony α6000 + FE 70-200mm F4 G OSS @ 144 mm, 1/30 sec @ ƒ/8, -1.70 EV, ISO 100, tripod.

One of the useful features provided by digital cameras is a “memory recall”, or preset, for the camera settings, usually available in two or three registers. My Nikon D7000 was the first camera I owned with this feature, accessible by rotating the mode dial to the U1 and U2 modes. I used the former for static subjects (usually landscapes) and the latter for moving subjects (birds and other wildlife). Presets are very useful, in general for “resetting” the camera to a base configuration after the latest use (perhaps a relatively long time earlier, and you forgot what you changed), but in particular for a quick switch to the moving subject mode, which is useful when a bird all of a sudden takes off near you while you're walking along a marsh.

Following the same scenario of the D7000, I've programmed three presets for the Sony α6000:

  • MR1: the most used, for static subjects.
  • MR2 and MR3: for dynamic subjects.

As you can learn below, unfortunately the Sony α6000 fails to provide a fundamental switch in the autofocusing mode for dynamic subjects - very silly to miss a single software function in an otherwise very sophisticated piece of equipment. Another annoyance is that the mode dial only provides a single position for memory recalls (“MR”) and then you must select the preset bank by operating with the camera menu. Furthermore, if you are already, say, in MR1 mode, the fastest way to move to MR2 is to rotate the dial away from “MR” and back to it, and then re-enter the selection by means of the menu. It could have been done in a smarter way.

I want to be able to easily set all the three important values for exposure: aperture, shutter time and ISO. For static subjects, aperture is almost always the most important one. ISO is the second priority for static subjects: that's why I use Aperture-priority mode (A) with ISO 100, letting the camera compute the shutter speed; I only take care that it doesn't reach critical values for hand-held shooting. ƒ/8 is the preset aperture, which is the good one for most landscapes. With the proper programming, exposure override can be immediately applied by rotating the wheel in the back of the camera; the live histogram makes it easy to do ETTR (Expose To The Right), maximising the signal/noise ratio (it probably only makes sense at the lowest ISO setting of the camera).

For what concerns presets M2 and M3, related to moving subjects, please refer to this post.

Épilobe en épi (Chamerion angustifolium).

Sony α6000 + FE 70-200mm F4 G OSS @ 70 mm, 1/800 sec @ ƒ/4, ISO 100, tripod.

Below the complete listing of the other settings that I use with the camera, with details. Please note that not all items can be part of a preset: some are global settings.


Preset M1 Preset M2 Preset M3 Remarks
Main
controls
Mode A M M
Shutter speed - 1/1000 1/1000
Aperture F8 F8 F8 ƒ/8 is a good starting point for landscapes and APS-C. And also for birds in flight, even though one might stop down to ƒ/11 to have a little more DoF and compensate focusing errors. I don't have a sound source, but some say that α6000 AF stop using phase detection at ƒ/11 (others say at ƒ/13).

1 Image Size -

Settings for a RAW workflow.
Aspect Ratio 3:2

Quality RAW

Panorama: Size -

I don't use the camera panorama function, since it is based on JPEG.
Panorama: Direction -

File Format XAVC S

I don't do video recording, also because - so far - I'm not pleased with the quality of the camera. Anyway XAVC S has been added with the latest firmware upgrade so far and it's the best quality available.
2 Record Setting 50p 50M

Drive Mode Cont. Bracket 0.3EV 3 Image Cont. Shooting Hi Cont. Shooting Hi With static subjects I use the histogram to expose to the right (ETTR). A small amount of EV bracketing can be useful for compensating errors; furthermore, I use small bursts even on static subjects to maximise the chances of a good job of the lens stabiliser.
Flash Mode Fill-flash I've never used the flash with the camera and I don't plan to. So these settings are not relevant.
Flash Comp. ±0.0

Red Eye Reduction Off

Focus Mode Single-shot AF Continuous AF Continuous AF Single-shot AF (AF-S) focuses only once per burst, while Continuous AF (AF-C) keeps focusing while in a burst. I don't trust the Automatic (AF-A) Mode, which is supposed to automatically understand whether the subject is moving or not. See also Lock-on AF. See this post by Wim Arys for more info about the camera AF functions.
3 Focus Area Flexible Spot S Flexible Spot L Zone Wide or Zone is required for 4D focus. See this post for more information about this point.
AF Illuminator Off

I never shoot near subjects in the dark.
AF drive speed Fast

These settings only apply to video recording.
AF Track Duration Normal

Exposure comp. ±0.0


Exposure step 0.3EV


4 ISO ISO 100 ISO AUTO 100/800 ISO AUTO 100/800
Metering Mode Multi

Multi Mode is the most accurate metering mode, as it uses information from all the picture.
White Balance Daylight

This setting is mostly meaningful for JPEG photos; with RAW you can change the white balance in post-processing. But the value recorded by the camera is used by Lightroom as a starting point, so having it as accurate as possible might be helpful; above all, it is used in the EVF and might have an impact in the way you see your subject while framing.
DRO/Auto HDR D-Range Opt. This doesn't have an effect on RAW; but with “Live View Display” set to “Setting Effect ON” (see below) there are chances to have better viewfinder readability in the shadows.
Creative Style Standard Only relevant for JPEG, useless for me.
Picture Effect Off [disabled]
5 Zoom -


Focus Magnifier -


Long Exposure NR Off

Probably useful for shooting at the night sky, but never tried so far. The few night shots I've done were fine at ISO 100.
High ISO NR -

Lock-on AF Off On (Start w/shutter) On (Start w/shutter) Lock-on engages tracking the subject after focus has been initially achieved.
Smile / Face Detect. Off

I never do portraits.
6 Soft Skin Effect Off

Only relevant for JPEG, useless for me.
Auto Obj. Framing Off

Scene Selection -

Movie -


SteadyShot On


Color Space AdobeRGB

Only relevant for JPEG, useless for me. Since it might affect the computation of the live histogram, I set AdobeRGB which is closer to the colour space I use in post-processing.
7 Auto Slow Shut. On

Only relevant for video.
Audio Recording On

Wind Noise Reduct. Off

(Shooting Tip List) not a setting
(Memory recall) not a setting
(Memory) not a setting

1 Zebra Off Even in the “100+” setting I find that zebra is too much sensible to highlights, i.e. it suggests to adjust exposure when the histogram is fine. In order to do ETTR (Expose To The Right) the histogram is much more effective. Zebra could be useful for moving subjects, when you don't have time to look at the histogram. Too bad this is a global setting and can't be assigned to presets.
MF Assist On The Manual Focus assist with a 1:1 live preview is one of the most useful features of mirrorless cameras.
Focus Magnif. Time No Limit When I do manual focusing I need to stay relaxed and take all the time I need. Having the 1:1 live preview to automatically disappear after a few seconds works against that.
Grid Line Off For many years I've used the “Rule or 3rds Grid”. Since summer 2016 I've disabled it, as I think that I should be able to do a balanced composition without hints. Furthermore, the less cluttered the viewfinder, the better.
Auto Review Off
DISP Button Monitor:
  • Graphic Display
  • Histogram
  • Display All Info.
  • For viewfinder
  • No Disp. Info
Finder:
  • Histogram
  • Display All Info
  • No Disp. Info

2 Peaking Level Mid

Red looks like it's the most effective colour for peaking while doing landscape photography and most flowers. I need to change it only with, obviously, red flowers.
Peaking Color Red

Exposure Set. Guide Off This is a sort of online help for the various shooting modes. Given that I only use A and M modes, it is useless for me.
Live View Display Setting Effect ON See comment about DRO/Auto HDR.
Disp. cont. AF area On This allows to see in real time where the camera thinks the subject is during tracking.
3 Pre-AF Off Pre-AF means that the camera constantly autofocuses, even when I don't hit the trigger... a nightmare for static subjects.
Zoom Setting Optical zoom only Only relevant for JPEG, useless for me.
Eye-Start AF -

It deals with face recognition and it's useless for me.
FINDER/MONITOR Auto
Release w/o Lens Enable Needed for lenses without electronic.
AF w/shutter Off [must be manually set] [must be manually set] Sigh. This would be really useful as part of presets, but it's a global setting. Sony must put at least one very stupid thing in the user interface of their cameras. See the text for an explanation.
4 AEL w/shutter Off

Given that I mostly do static subjects with focus-and-recompose, it is fundamental to prevent AF from kicking in when the shutter is pressed. It would make a lot of sense to keep it disabled for presets related to static subjects and enabled for those related to moving subjects, but Sony definitely did the stupidest thing with this function: it can't be assigned to a preset. Furthermore, this function can't be assigned to a custom key either: I need to explicitly go through the menus to change it. It is also reset to “on” every time the battery is changed.
e-Front Curtain Shut. On

While mirrorless cameras promise less mechanical action, thanks to the lack of a mirror, in fact their live-view EVF needs by default more shutter action. Unless this option is set. For a comprehensive explanation, see this post by Michael Hohner. The manual says that in some special cases this option might cause banding or uneven exposure, so it should be turned off. But it never happened to me.
This also means you don't have vibrations at the moment of shooting. Note that you might have vibrations in burst, as the final shutter operation of the previous shot might affect the subsequent shot.
S. Auto Img. Extract -

It only makes sense in a JPEG shooting mode that I don't use.
Exp.comp.set Ambient&flash
Bracket order 0 → - → + Not that this matters a lot, but it makes sense that the first shot is the one with the supposed optimised exposure, and the last is the one with the supposed less-optimised exposure (with ETTR mode it's likely that any further over-exposed shot slightly burns highlights). See also Drive Mode.
5 (Face Registration) not a setting
AF Micro Adj.

Lens Comp.

6 Function Menu Set. Upper1: Lock-on AF
Upper2: Focus Mode
Upper3: Focus Area
Upper4: Flash Mode
Upper5: Exposure Comp.
Upper6: Drive Mode
Lower1: SteadyShot
Lower2: Grid Line
Lower3: Metering Mode
Lower4: ISO
Lower5: Peaking Level
Lower6: Peaking Color

Custom Key Settings AEL Button: AF On
Custom Button 1: Focus Magnifier
Custom Button 2: Lock-on AF
Center Button: Shot. Result Preview
Left Button: Focus Area
Right Button: ISO
Down Button: AF/MF Ctrl Toggle
One of the most important settings is the one concerning the AEL button: AF is decoupled from the trigger. The AEL button fits well the purpose since it's near the trigger and I naturally place my thumb on it. I usually don't need to lock exposure.
Probably the second most important setting is the Custom Button 1, used in manual mode to activate the MF 1:1 live preview.
The centre button is useful to quickly declutter the EVF. This function also applies the current shutter time, so the preview can be also used e.g. to see whether a moving subject is properly frozen (e.g. a propeller) or blurred (e.g. a water flow).
Dial/Wheel Setup back SS, top F/no. The default, dual-mode control setting works pretty well. The upper-right dial is less frequently used to change the aperture (most of my shots are at ƒ/8); the wheel can be used to set the EV override in A mode.
Dial/Wheel Ev Comp Wheel


MOVIE Button Always


Dial / Wheel Lock Unlock



1 Monitor Brightness Manual

Auto is supposed to automatically adjust brightness in full daylight, but it doesn't work very well.
Viewfinder Bright. Auto

On the contrary, the auto mode works well for the viewfinder, even because the vision is shaded.
Finder Color Temp. ±0


Volume Settings 15

With time I got accustomed to hear that short beep when the focusing is confirmed.
Audio Signals On

2 Tile Menu Off
Mode Dial Guide Off
Delete confirm. "Cancel" first Just to be safe...
Pwr Save Start Time 1 Min The camera looks reasonably fast to wake up from sleep mode, so 1 minute is good for saving power.
PAL/NTSC Selector PAL
3 (Cleaning Mode) not a setting
Demo Mode Off
Remote Ctrl Off
HDMI Resolution 1080p
CTRL FOR HDMI On
HDMI Info. Display On
4 USB Connection Mass Storage
USB LUN Setting Multi
Language English I'm Italian, but I prefer the English language for technology stuff.
Date/Time Setup

Area Setting Berlin/Paris

5 (Format) not a setting
File Number Series
Select REC Folder

(New Folder) not a setting
Folder Name Standard Form
(Recover Image DB) not a setting

6 (Display Media Info.) not a setting
(Version) not a setting
(Setting Reset) not a setting

Cicoria comune (Cichorium intybus).

Sony α6000 + Meyer-Optik Görlitz Trioplan 100mm ƒ/2.8 @ 100 mm, 1/1000 sec @ ƒ/2.8, +0.70 EV, ISO 100, tripod.